Gregory of Nyssa

(c. 330–c. 395)
   Bishop, Mystic, Theologian and Saint.
   Gregory was the younger brother of St basil and St macrina. Initially he became a teacher of rhetoric, but then he joined his brother’s community and was consecrated Bishop of Nyssa. He was deposed by an Arian synod in 376, but was reinstated after the death of the Emperor Valens in 378. He took a prominent part in the Councils of Constantinople of both 381 and 394; he was much in demand as a preacher and during his lifetime he did a great deal of travelling. However, Gregory is remembered as a theologian. Influenced by origen, he maintained that the Fall was a consequence of free will and that redemption is effected through the incarnation of Jesus Christ and communicated through the Sacraments. He may well have been the first to compare the atonement with a fish hook on which the devil is impaled. His works include the Sermo Catecheticus, which expounds the doctrines of the incarnation, redemption, Sacraments and Trinity. He also wrote various exegetical and mystical works, which include a treatise on virginity. Although he lacked the practical abilities of his brother and sister, he was undoubtedly the best theologian. He was designated ‘Father of Fathers’ at the Seventh Ecumenical Council of 787.
   A. Meredith, The Cappadocians (1995);
   E. Ferguson and A.J. Malherbe, Gregory of Nyssa. The Life of Moses (1978).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gregory of Nyssa — [nis′ə] (A.D. 335? 394?); Gr. theologian & bishop in Cappadocia: his day is March 9: brother of Saint Basil …   English World dictionary

  • Gregory of Nyssa — Infobox Saint name=Saint Gregory of Nyssa birth date=c 335 death date=after 394 feast day= March 9 (Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism) January 10 (Eastern Christianity, Lutheranism) June 14 and July 19 (Anglicanism) venerated in=Anglicanism Eastern… …   Wikipedia

  • Gregory of Nyssa —    Theologian; saint; one of the Cappadocian Fathers, along with his brother Basil the Great and Gregory of Nazianzos (qq.v.). Appointed bishop of Nyssa (qq.v.) in 371, he was removed on false charges for two years (376 378), returning only after …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • GREGORY OF NYSSA, ST. —    one of the Fathers of the Greek Church, brother of St. Basil, and bishop of Nyssa, in Cappadocia; he was distinguished for his zeal against the Arians, and was banished from his diocese at the instance of the Emperor Valens, who belonged to… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Gregory of Nyssa — biographical name Saint circa 335 circa 394 Eastern church father …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Gregory of Nyssa — /nis euh/ Saint, A.D. c330 395?, Christian bishop and theologian in Asia Minor (brother of Saint Basil). * * * …   Universalium

  • GREGORY OF NYSSA — (330 395)    one of the so called CAPPADOCIAN FATHERS and notable CHRISTIAN philosopher and theologian strongly influenced by PLATO and ORIGEN. He was a defender of the NICENE CREED and CHRISTIAN ORTHODOXY …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Gregory of Nyssa — Greg′ory of Nys′sa [[t]ˈnɪs ə[/t]] n. big Saint, a.d. c330–395?, Christian bishop and theologian in Asia Minor (brother of Saint Basil) …   From formal English to slang

  • Gregory of Nyssa — /nis euh/ Saint, A.D. c330 395?, Christian bishop and theologian in Asia Minor (brother of Saint Basil) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gregory of Nyssa, St. — …   Useful english dictionary

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